Scientific Name: Solanum tuberosum
Name in International Languages
|French||Pomme de terre|
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. It is the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat and rice. Nearly a third of the World’s potatoes are harvested in China and India.
Potatoes are available in various varieties, sizes, shapes and colours. There are about 5000 potato varieties worldwide. The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum and modern varieties of this species.
Potato is a good source of energy, carbohydrates (mainly in the form of starch) and dietary fiber. It also contains fat, protein in small amounts.
The potato contains vitamins and minerals. It is a rich source of vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6 and trace amounts of thiamine, riboflavin, folate, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc.