Potato


potato-1


Scientific Name: Solanum tuberosum


Indian Names

Bengali Alu
Gujarati Batakani
Hindi Alu
Kannada Alugedde
Malayalam Uralakizhangu
Marathi Batata
Punjabi Alu
Tamil Urulaikkilangu
Telugu Bangalu dumpa
Urdu Alu

Name in International Languages

Arabic baTaaTas
Chinese Tudou
Dutch aardappel
French Pomme de terre
German Kartoffel
Italian Patata
Japanese Poteto
Portuguese Batata
Russian Kartofel
Spanish Patata
Swedish potatis

Description

The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. It is the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat and rice. Nearly a third of the World’s potatoes are harvested in China and India.

Potatoes are available in various varieties, sizes, shapes and colours. There are about 5000 potato varieties worldwide. The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum and modern varieties of this species.


Nutritional Facts

Potato is a good source of energy, carbohydrates (mainly in the form of starch) and dietary fiber. It also contains fat, protein in small amounts.

The potato contains vitamins and minerals. It is a rich source of vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6 and trace amounts of thiamine, riboflavin, folate, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc.


 

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