Scientific Name: Solanum tuberosum

Indian Names

Bengali Alu
Gujarati Batakani
Hindi Alu
Kannada Alugedde
Malayalam Uralakizhangu
Marathi Batata
Punjabi Alu
Tamil Urulaikkilangu
Telugu Bangalu dumpa
Urdu Alu

Name in International Languages

Arabic baTaaTas
Chinese Tudou
Dutch aardappel
French Pomme de terre
German Kartoffel
Italian Patata
Japanese Poteto
Portuguese Batata
Russian Kartofel
Spanish Patata
Swedish potatis


The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop. It is the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat and rice. Nearly a third of the World’s potatoes are harvested in China and India.

Potatoes are available in various varieties, sizes, shapes and colours. There are about 5000 potato varieties worldwide. The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum and modern varieties of this species.

Nutritional Facts

Potato is a good source of energy, carbohydrates (mainly in the form of starch) and dietary fiber. It also contains fat, protein in small amounts.

The potato contains vitamins and minerals. It is a rich source of vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6 and trace amounts of thiamine, riboflavin, folate, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s